Pyramid Science

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Tuesday, May 17, 2016


Life is not likely to have been sustainable were it not for Moon. The object is referred to as a planet that co-exists with Earth and it is for this reason that Moon is considered critical for life to have developed on Earth. Water is an essential medium.

The observer's viewpoint has

the N-polar axis 'uppermost'

 Co-planet Moon orbits the Sun (an ordinary star) along with Earth in an anticlockwise direction and moves toward Earth and onto NM (new Moon), through LQ (last quarter) to a position nearer the Sun, then back again past the FQ (first quarter) position to FM (full moon = second quarter). This weaving from an 'inner-outer' orbit (nearer to-further from the Sun) continues without interruption and is the reason that a Solar or Lunar eclipse can occur.

There is a time (twice in every lunation – the lunar cycle) where there is a potential collision zone. This can only happen when the FQ just before a FM or LQ just after FM is in Earth's ecliptic – the same plane as Earth. The orbital velocities of Moon (30.731km/s) and Earth (29.786km/s) ensure the can only be for a few minutes. Earth and Moon can never collide as they are hours apart even when at their closest approach. Does Moon move towards Earth or Earth approach Moon? How could this be distinguished. An observed shadow (of Earth) from the lunar eclipse shows the Earth in line with The Sun. A lunation occurs every cycle of Moon as it moves about Earth and is the time between comparative phases, for example FM FM or FQ FQ, of two successive cycles. This time varies as the motion takes Moon away from or closer to Earth.

There is an Alternative Theory that attempts to explain why there is such a variety of life on planet Earth, how oil may have formed and where all Earth's land may have come from. The odds for providing conditions for life to have developed elsewhere make the possibility of (any) life very remote: consider the odds of an individual winning a lottery more than once.

In the lifeforms that do exist, there is as much commonality as there is difference. 'Junk' DNA is a much cited term, but here is interpreted as no more than DNA that has no known function. The synchronisation of growth must be controlled by something. To a fixed size. Nerve length and the transmission of brain impulses must limit the size of a creature. When things go awry, a cancer develops. There is uncontrolled growth.

Reassembly of DNA fragments (recombination after splicing in hot water) can produce all sorts of products. The breeds within a species can vary, but a species never changes into a different species. A liger (cross between a lion and a tiger) is still a mix of two 'cat' breeds. Many species have two or four legs/limbs, two eyes, two ears and one nose comprising two nostrils. There is always only one brain (of differing potential) in mammals and this controls everything. Some creatures could even be two or more combined: a spider has eight eyes (four pairs = 4 x 2). This being simply two creatures is, however, unrealistic.

Centipedes and millipedes are both arthropods and are invertebratesthey have an exoskeletonand are considered together. Unlike many animals, they are very successful in dry environments, but like cockroaches and crustaceans have existed for a very long time, probably several hundred millions of years. A fish can be considered to have been originally a land creature that moved to water and had no use for legs or arms. The reverse of this is also reasonable speculation: a genetic error caused a land existence impossible. Any feet may be missing. Taking to water enabled motion. Procreation could eventually lead to a proper fin (a 'footless' limb).

The extinction of the dinosaurs may have interrupted any development of fish-to-land, but nerve length and the transmission of brain impulses must limit the size of a creature. The larger, the slower it became and would have required a large amount of 'food'. There are many differences, but DNA recombination can produce many similarities: a creature with several eyes and many legs/arms though with blood to transport nutrients in a single circulatory system with a digestive system. And two lungs. The circulatory system has various functions and, regardless of species, goes around the body in the same specific direction. Siamese twins could be considered an 'evolution jump' and not a rarity.

Most insects are cold-blooded as are reptiles (do not generate their own body heat) and have a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen) and three pairs of jointed legs. They represent more than half of all known living organisms, potentially over 90% of the differing animal life forms on Earth. They are among the most diverse on Earth with more than a million species. The warm-blooded vertebrate (mammalian) has a head, chest area – heart/lungs and other organs – and an abdomen where the digestive system exists. There is a major difference between an insect and a mammal in that an invertebrate regenerates its young outside the body whereas the mammal develops its young internally. It is a warm-blooded creature that generates its own body heat. Gestation can then be an internal incubation. 'Food' is extracted from those elements which sustain life - blood. What may be waste to one life-form can still be of use to another (mammalian excrement can be used by flies).

The use of carbohydrate, protein or fat is independent of the breed/species and the carnivore or herbivore diet simply sustains the animal. Many plants and trees must grow from the ground in which they stand, since they have no motor (muscle) control to move around. Evaporation of moisture from leaves in plants and trees draws up sap (containing nutrients). An open-type 'non-circulatory' system.


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